One person may want to delve into the past and release old fears and beliefs. As he expresses himself, the telling of his story may help him better understand and transform his journey. He may want to explore the meaning and purpose of his life. He may wish to look at his life through a spiritual lens. He may feel most comfortable with a non-directive style of counselling, where insights are gained as independently as possible at a personal pace.
Another person may want to approach counselling in a more concrete way. She may ask for direction, recommendation, and treatment. She may not be interested in what happened in the past, and wish to focus solely on the present or the future. Her beliefs are more scientific than spiritual, and her contemplation of death is not about what is beyond but what it's imperative demands: to live each day to its fullest. She may want to target goals and achieve them in a structured, results based way, using scales to track her progress.